Reality Reimagined: Why does magic realism, as used by Gabriel Garcia Màrquez in One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), reflect the Colombian identity?



Gabriel Garcia Marquez

In One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967) by Gabriel Garcia Màrquez, readers become intimately intertwined with seven generations of the Buendia family in the isolated town Macondo. Jose Arcadio Buendia, patriarch of the family, erects the town near the “ardent city of Riohacha” (Màrquez, p.10) – a real city in Colombia – and begins what is to become a thriving community. However, while Macondo is initially idyllic, the entirety of the narrative reveals its inevitable destiny with ruin: the town succumbs to political warfare, is beleaguered with modernity and engulfed by the progress of the outside world. To illustrate this, Macondo is completely obliterated at the end of the text by the “wrath of a biblical hurricane”, one foresaw in the parchments of Melquiades (p. 422).

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